The French economist and the mathematician, the creator of fractal geometry Benoit Mandelbrot was the first person who had paid attention to the repeating price formations. It was Williams who for the first time suggested that the market was chaotic, multiple-factor and self-regulating system and cancelled all linear models. Fractal links of exchange prices and the repeating structures have been confirmed by the results of computer modeling.

The fractal fr om Latin fractus means a steady scalable design of irregular shape emerging on any data. Emergence of fractals means the beginning of a new price pyramid and is considered as a trading signal. A fractal up or a signal to enter to buy is the set in which at least 5 consecutive bars form a pattern, wh ere the highest maximum is shown by an average candle.

A fractal down or a signal for position to sell is the reverse pattern made up by five or more consecutive candles, the average from which shows the lowest minimum. The set of the real fractals is very dynamic. It can vary depending on quantity and structure. The main thing is that one of the central bars has to show an obvious extreme. Therefore, non-standard combinations can also be used as fractals:. If the extremes have appeared at several bars of a pattern, then only the last will be taken into account as a trading signal.

Current price movement 1 point higher the level of the fractal up is the breakthrough of the sellers, while if it is 1 point below the fractal down, it is a breakthrough of the buyers.

The approximate scheme of an entry is shown below. The strongest signal is just after its emergence, and the same group of candles can be used both for upper and for the lower fractals. Pointers of the appeared fractals are not redrawn. The border of the upper fractal is the maximum, while the border of the lower is the minimum. In case of formation of an opposite fractal, the current trading signal is cancelled. The emergence of two multidirectional fractals close to each other sometimes in one candle is called a fractal start: further the market is assumed to make the decision for the benefit of one of the directions.

The true breakdown of a fractal on any timeframe shall be confirmed by certain volumes. A firm breakthrough candle but with the small volume appears to be an unstable signal. Also for an assessment of volumes it is recommended to use standard designs of Price Action.

Nowadays nobody looks for the trading fractals on a price chart manually. For these purposes a standard package of any trade platform includes the Fractals indicator. We will offer two popular trading strategies on its basis. Regular Fractals and Alligator indicators with standard settings are necessary for using this strategy.

We trade all major currency and future assets: for the analysis and an entrance - M15, for maintenance — from H1 above for futures - from D1 above. The entry scheme for fractals Forex trading is shown below. Stop losses are on an opposite extreme from 2 last fractals: purchase is below the lowest, sale is slightly higher than the highest.Jeg godtar. Trading with fractals is a technical analysis practice being adopted by an increasing number of short-term traders.

Learn more about the different types of fractal trading and how to identify these setups in the article below. For a bullish fractal reversal pattern:.

A bullish fractal reversal pattern suggests the end of near-term downtrend and beginning of a new uptrend. Traders might use this pattern as a long entry signal or a signal to exit an existing short position. Many traders will use fractal signals in conjunction with oscillators such as the stochastic or relative strength index RSI for a confirmation of a bullish buy signal.

In this regard a fractal buy signal would be considered to have greater validity when accompanied by an oversold signal. A bearish fractal reversal pattern suggests the end of near-term uptrend and the beginning of a new downtrend. Traders might use this pattern as a short entry signal or a signal to exit an existing long position.

Traders will often use fractal signals in conjunction with oscillators such as the stochastic or RSI for a confirmation of a bearish sell signal. In this regard a fractal sell signal would be considered to have greater validity when accompanied by an overbought signal.

Another unrelated interpretation of fractal analysis in trading, is that of multiple time frame analysis. In this regard traders might use fractionalised times frames in their analysis to draw forecasting views and trading ideas.

For example, a trader might use a daily or weekly chart time frame to get a bigger picture view of the market he wishes to trade.

Thereafter the trader may look to a smaller time frame such as a 1-hour or minute chart time frame to help fine tune entry and exit points. There are two common trading concepts in technical analysis relating to fractals; fractal reversal patterns and fractal multiple time frame analysis. I tillegg til disclaimeren nedenfor, inneholder ikke denne siden oversikt over kurser, eller tilbud om, eller oppfordring til, en transaksjon i noe finansielt instrument.

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Related search: Market Data. Market Data Type of market. Tradingskolen Strategier og planlegging. How to trade using fractals. Fractal Signal Technical analysis Relative strength index. What is fractal trading? There are two unrelated forms of fractal analysis commonly recognised by traders namely: Fractal reversal patterns Fractal: multiple time frame analysis. For a bullish fractal reversal pattern: The third candle in a series of five would be marked as having the lowest low The first two candles in the pattern would have higher lows than the middle candle The last two candles in the pattern would have higher lows than the middle candle The following graph illustrates what a bullish fractal pattern looks like.

For a bearish fractal reversal pattern: The third candle in a series of five would be marked as having the highest high The first two candles in the pattern would have lower highs than the middle candle The last two candles in the pattern would have lower highs than the middle candle The following graph illustrates a bullish fractal pattern.

Fractals: multiple time frame analysis Another unrelated interpretation of fractal analysis in trading, is that of multiple time frame analysis. A simple fractal trading strategy could look something like this: Identify major trend direction on a daily chart Use a 1-hour chart to identify entry and exit points into the market Entry signals on the 1-hour time frame must only be considered if they align with the trend deduced from the daily chart Signals against the trend identified on the daily time frame are not signals to trade against the trend but rather a suggestion to exit existing positions.How ToIndicators.

Bill M. Williams, Ph. He combined trading psychology with applied technical analysis and offered a vastly advance trading system that was ahead of his time. Even today, both retail and institutional traders consider his Chaos theory, Wiseman Indicators, and the Alligator Trading System to be one of the most sophisticated technical analysis systems. In line with his chaos theory, Dr. Williams developed a range of technical indicators.

His approach to technical analysis and proper use of the Wiseman Indicators combined with the rules he outlined makes up the bulk of the Alligator Trading System.

Fractals are labeled by Dr. Williams as the first dimension of his technical analysis system. Fractals are essentially short-term support and resistance levels in the price chart, and these are the fundamental building blocks of the Alligator Trading System. The Alligator Trading System is a rather complicated system as it uses several different Wiseman Indicators in combination with some sophisticated rules to enter the market, scale positions, and has clearly defined rules about when to get out of the market.

When the three moving averages are expanding while going up, it signals a bull market. On the other hand, when the moving averages are expanding while going down, it signals a bear market.

Very simple! Statistically, most markets remain range bound for around 70 percent of the time and trends only around 30 percent of the time. Since the Alligator Trading System is mainly a trend following system, the great thing about the Alligator indicator that it can easily identify if a market is trending or it is trading sideways within well-defined support and resistance levels.

There are several other indicators in the Alligator Trading System, such as Awesome Oscillator AO and Accelerator Oscillator AC that are used to scale in positions after the system generates its first signal.

However, to get the first signal, you need to have a thorough understanding of how the Fractal indicator works. Hence, once you have identified a trending market based on the Alligator signal, you need to look for Fractals first to get into the trade. Visually, Fractals are just tiny upwards and downwards pointing arrows.

In a nutshell, an Up-fractal is formulated when a series of five successive time periods conclude and the highest HIGH forms in the middle with two lower HIGHs on both sides of the middle bar. Similarly, a Down Fractal is formulated when a series of five successive time periods conclude and the lowest LOW forms in the middle with two higher LOWs on both sides of the middle bar.

According to the Alligator Trading System, just because an up or a down Fractal is formed, it does not mean that these are valid signals! While the Chaos theory and the Alligator Trading System is rather a complex endeavor to undertake, trading Fractals in conjunction with the Alligator indicator is a rather simple process. If the Alligator indicator is signaling an uptrend, simply place a Stop Buy order one tick above the Up Fractal in the direction of the trend.

Similarly, if the Alligator indicator is signaling a downturn, put a Stop Sell order one tick below the Down Fractal with your broker. Once the Alligator indicator would confirm the downturn by starting to open its Jaw, in this scenario, you can simply place a Sell Stop order at 1. While this example only deals with a downtrend, as you can imagine, if you find an uptrend, all you have to do is place a Buy Stop order a tick above the high of the Fractal bar.

It is that simple! Under the cover of price charts and technical indicatorsin reality, any market only represents the subjective psychological valuation of any given asset. Bill Williams and his colleagues have developed the Chaos Theory and Fractal based trading system to visually represent the overall psychological orientation of almost any market and it makes life much easier for traders.

Once you have mastered how to use the Fractals in combination with the directional trend identified by the Alligator indicator, you can move on to learn the complete Alligator Trading System. Your stop loss should be placed at the Red Line and trailing the same red line. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.When broken apart, they exhibit the same characteristics as greater patterns or price movements.

Fractals lag the market, because it takes time for them to form. They can include any number of bars, though the minimum is 5. Fractals form the swing points of the market creating fractal levels and bearish fractals and bullish fractals are distinct.

There are several trading strategies based on them, each with their own set of rules for entry and exit. Some traders use them to draw trend lines. Bill Williams uses fractals in his trading system and developed an indicator to identify them. Candlestick Trend Indicator v0. In this update I have added the option to be able select which Price Action candles you want included in the display and the generated alarm Alert. Added option to Fractal Support Resistance Fixed Volume 2 synapticex.

This long only strategy determines the price of the last fractal top and enters a trade when the price breaks above the last fractal top.

The strategy also calculates the average price of the last fractal tops to get the trend direction. The strategy exits the long trade, when the average of the fractal tops is falling when the trend is lower highs as measured by I noticed there weren't any code templates for Williams Fractals, therefore I have written this script to be a template and tutorial for those learning Pine Script. Each line is commented to show what it does.

If you don't know what Williams Fractals are, here is a brief explanation. Bill Williams Fractals is a lagging indicator used to plot trend reversals on a Auto SR based on fractals and volume. Updated to V8, link bellow in the related ideas. My first indicator. A simple average of last 1 to 10 fractals top and bottom Trade breakouts of top or bottom lines.

Feel free to use and experiment with. Frank Baumann. Ignore the other one it contains some errors. Just read on below links to understand more about this super useful moving Users will be fully responsible by their use regarding any kind of trading vehicles or Credit goes to Shizaru for the original calculation. I made just a few fixes, so that the calculation is really that of Ehlers. Fixed H2 and L2 period, fixed w natural logarithm.

LazyBear's WaveTrend port has been praised for highlighting trend reversals with precision and punctuality minimal lag. This happens when the trend stretches over a longer timescale than the oscillator's averaging window or If this indicator have helped you in your trading or you plan to use the code in one of your script, please donate to following with a message to specify the money as Donation.

To view 8 components you'll need to add a second instance of this script to your chart and set its Base TimescalePerhaps you have already come across charts with funny-looking triangles or arrows above or below candlesticks. You probably wondered what these objects actually represent. Luckily, you've come to the right place. The brilliant indicator we're focusing on today is called the Fractal indicator, and it provides a wide range of benefits. Mainly, it helps identify support and resistance, understand the trend, and find entries.

Before we dive deeper, let me first explain the Fractal itself and how to add the indicator to the chart. Then we can actually discuss how this may help improve your trading. A fractal is a mathematical set that exhibits a repeating pattern displayed at every scale.

This might sound complicated, so let's break it down. Firstly, think of a fractal as a curve or geometrical figure. An object is fractal if the same pattern occurs at every size. In essence, fractal explains natural objects and chaotic phenomena such as snowflakes, crystals, and even galaxy formations.

Fractals are connected to the "chaos theory", which is a branch of mathematics focused on the behavior of dynamical systems such as weather, climate and other natural and even artificial i.

Okay, now that we understand fractals a bit better, how exactly do they tie in with the markets?

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Many traders see the financial markets—such as Forex, CFD and commodities markets—as fractal because the behavior of the markets is like a dynamical system that repeats on all time frames. Simply said, I think that most traders will agree that market patterns are continuously repeated :.

Chart patterns, candlestick patterns, wave patterns and many more patterns repeat themselves regularly and confirm their Fractal nature. Legendary trader Bill Williams took the fractal and chaos concepts and transformed them into a Fractal indicator which can actually be applied directly on a chart.

### Fractals trading and how to use the Alligator – Williams Chaos Theory

It's important to realise that the inventor of the Fractal indicator, Bill Williams, tested the Fractal concept on daily charts in the commodity markets. His research came to the conclusion that the best Fractal value was found via the number two. This is why Fractals appear on the chart when two candles to the left and two candles to the right are lower or higher than the candle with the Fractal. You can read more info.

Generally speaking, I think that this particular setting has value for all time frames and financial instruments. However, after many years of research, I started to notice that the best Fractal value for the Forex market was 5 or 6 for the rest of the article I will refer to 6 and The Fractal value of 6 is especially beneficial for intra-day charts of the Forex market, but is equally useful for long-term charts too.

The value of 13 will be explained in a later article. The MT4 charts do not allow traders to change the Fractal indicator so I asked a programmer to make a custom Fractal indicator for my own trading. You can receive a free copy by writing us here please add a reference to this article. Intraday charts move rather quickly compared to daily charts. Using a Fractal of 2 makes sense on slow-moving charts but not when price moves quickly and impulsively.

That is why a Fractal value of 6 has more relevance for the Forex market and lower timeframes. Once a Fractal of 6 occurs, I feel more comfortable to conclude that the momentum swing is probably completed for a while. At this point, the market will most likely show a reversal or correction more explained in next week's article. The 6 Fractal value is a key part but not the only aspect of what I call the "time factor" pattern. Why this name?

The reason is simple: I am actually counting the number candles from a each new candle high or low. Whereas other patterns rely on candles, chart formation, and Fibonacci levels, this particular pattern is a mixture of price and time. I call it a pattern and not a Fractal trading system because it's a set of loose rules that are used in a discretionary method.This article will explain fractals and how you might apply them to your trading strategy. When people hear the word "fractal," they often think about complex mathematics.

That is not what we are talking about here. Fractals are composed of five or more bars. The rules for identifying fractals are as follows:. The fractals shown below are two examples of perfect patterns. The obvious drawback here is that fractals are lagging indicators.

However, most significant reversals will continue for more bars, benefiting the trader. Once the pattern occurs, the price is expected to rise following a bullish fractal, or fall following a bearish fractal.

Most charting platforms now provide fractals as a trading indicator. This means traders don't need to hunt for the pattern. Apply the indicator to the chart, and the software will highlight all the patterns. Fractals are best used in conjunction with other indicators or forms of analysis.

A common confirmation indicator used with fractals is the alligator. Since the trend is up, bullish signals could be used to generate buy signals. While slightly confusing, a bearish fractal is typically drawn on a chart with an up arrow above it. Bullish fractals are drawn with a down arrow below them.

Sometimes switching to a longer time frame will reduce the number fractal signals, allowing for a cleaner look to the chart, making it easier to spot trading opportunities.

This system provides entries, but it is up to the trader to control risk. In the case above, the pattern isn't recognized until the price has started to rise off a recent low. Therefore, a stop loss could be placed below a recent low once a trade is a taken. If going shortduring a downtrend, a stop loss could be placed above the recent high. This is just one example of where to place a stop loss.

One of the issues with fractals is which one of the occurrences to trade. Traders also tend to focus on trades at certain Fibonacci ratios.The fractal indicator is based on a simple price pattern that is frequently seen in financial markets. Outside of trading, a fractal is a recurring geometric pattern that is repeated on all time frames.

## Fractals Forex Trading Strategy

From this concept, the fractal indicator was devised. The indicator isolates potential turning points on a price chart. It then draws arrows to indicate the existence of a pattern. The bullish fractal pattern signals the price could move higher.

A bearish fractal signals the price could move lower. Bullish fractals are marked by a down arrow, and bearish fractals are marked by an up arrow.

### A Trader's Guide to Using Fractals

The fractal indicator will generate signals frequently. The existence of a fractal isn't necessarily important since the pattern is so common. The fractal is indicating the possibility of a trend change. This is because fractals are essentially showing a "U-shape" in price. A bearish fractal has the price moving upward and then downward, forming an upsidedown U.

A bullish fractal occurs when the price is moving down but then starts to move up, forming a U. Because fractals occur so frequently, and many of the signals aren't reliable entry points, fractals are typically filtered using some other form of technical analysis. Bill Williams also invented the alligator indicator which isolates trends. By combining fractals with trend analysis, a trader may decide to only trade bullish fractals signals while the price trend is up.

If the trend is down they may take only short trades on bearish fractal signals, for example. Fractals could also be used with other indicators, such as pivot points or Fibonacci retracement levels. A fractal is only acted on if it aligns with one of these other indicators and potentially the longer-term price direction.

For example, assume a stock is trending higher. Since the trend is up, and the price is near a Fibonacci retracement level, the trader will take a trade if a bullish fractal forms. The fractal indicator is unique in that it identifies a price pattern and marks it on the chart.

Fractals are specific five-bar patterns. Chart patterns can also be drawn on the chart, although they are not limited to five price bars. Chart patterns also include many different shapes, such as trianglesrectangles, and wedges to list a few. While some software will mark chart patterns on a chart, most chartists find and isolate chart patterns by hand. The main problem with fractals is that there are so many of them.

They occur frequently and trying to trade all of them will rapidly deplete a trading account due to losing trades. These are called false signals or whipsaws. Therefore, filter the signals with some other indicator or form of analysis. The arrows for the indicator are typically drawn over the high or low or point, which is the middle of the fractal, not where the fractal completes.

Therefore, the arrows can be visually deceiving. Since the pattern is actually completing two bars to the right of the arrow, the first available entry point after seeing an arrow is the opening price of the third bar to the right of the arrow.

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